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This article was first published 7 years ago  » Business » NSE offering will see record private equity exit through IPO

NSE offering will see record private equity exit through IPO

By Abhineet Kumar
January 10, 2017 10:03 IST
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The National Stock Exchange’s proposed IPO to raise Rs 10,000 crore this year is expected to see the largest ever PE exit, of around Rs 5,000 crore.

While 2016 saw the highest ever private equity exit through initial public offerings, the record is set to be short-lived.

The National Stock Exchange’s proposed IPO to raise Rs 10,000 crore this year is expected to see the largest ever PE exit, of around Rs 5,000 crore.

The issue, an offer-for-sale, will also see exits from other financial investors who have been waiting for an exit opportunity.

This is more than the record Rs 4,252 crore worth of shares sold by PE investors in 11 IPOs last year. The year saw a total Rs 26,494 crore being raised in 26 IPOs.

“Despite record PE exits through IPOs last year, two large IPOs did not see private equity monetising,” says Subhrajit Roy, executive director and head of equity capital market at Kotak Investment Bank.

ICICI Prudential Life Insurance did not see its PE investors such as Fairfax monetising during its Rs 6,000-crore issue.

Similarly, PNB Housing Finance did not see investors such as Carlyle monetising during its Rs 3,000 crore issue. “This trend is likely to change, with PEs exiting in large issues this year,” says Roy.

According to the draft filed by NSE with the Securities and Exchange Board of India, the exchange plans to raise Rs 10,000 crore by offering 20-25 per cent stake through offer for sale.

It comes to selling 111.41 million shares, held by 27 shareholders, a majority of them PE investors.

This would come to a valuation for the exchange between Rs 40,000 and Rs 50,000 crore depending on how much stake it sells for Rs 10,000 crore.

Taking an average valuation of Rs 45,000 crore, its share price comes to Rs 898. With this, the largest shareholder Tiger Global would be getting Rs 1,333 crore by selling 14.85 million shares that it has offered for sale in the IPO.

Similarly, Temasek arm Aranda Investments would be getting Rs 890 and so will SAIF Partners by selling 9.9 million shares each.

While General Atlantic’s Gagil FDI will get Rs 777.5 crore for its 8.6 million shares, Goldman Sachs Strategic Investments will get Rs 605 crore for its 6.75 million shares.

Norwest Venture Partners is expected to get Rs 700 crore and Morgan Stanley’s MS Strategic Rs 400 crore.

This will clearly take it well over the Rs 5,000 crore PE exit through the IPO.

“Given the size of the NSE IPO and the fact that it is completely offer for sale, it is set to provide biggest ever PE exit,” says Pranav Haldea, managing director, Prime Database Group, which tracks IPOs, explaining how large-size issuances usually skew the numbers.

The record for the highest amount raised through an IPO is for 2010 (Rs 37,535) crore as the year saw the largest ever IPO by Coal India for Rs 15,000 crore.

Even without the NSE IPO, the PE exits in the year could be expected to be similar to last year.

There are already documents filed for 22 IPOs this year for raising about Rs 21,000 crore. Of this, 14 IPOs that plan to raise Rs 17,500 crore.

If we exclude NSE, then there would be documents filed for 13 IPOs worth Rs 7,500 crore where PEs plan an exit.

However, how much of this Rs 7,500 crore would be for PE exit is not clear, as several of these IPOs include fresh issuance of share besides the offer-for-sale.

As IPO execution time has come down to an average of six months now, new documents filed till May could be easily expected to have their IPO in the year.

“Secondary market is giving superior return and liquidity than the private markets today,” says Ajay Saraf, executive director, ICICI Securities.

“In private markets, the financial investors are not willing to pay same multiples. So, the trend for PE firms to exit through IPOs is expected to continue this year,” he says.

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Abhineet Kumar
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